Marian Zdziechowski 1861-1938

B. April 30, 1861, Nowosiólki (today Belorussia). He conducted comparative research into the psychology of Slavonic nations against the background of their political, social, religious, philosophical, and ethical systems, publishing Mesjaniści i słowianofile (“Messianists and Slavophiles”, 1888), Wpływy rosyjskie na duszę polską (“Russian Influences on the Polish Soul”, 1920), Europa, Rosja, Azja (“Europe, Russia, Asia”, 1923), and other works; he also corre-sponded profusely with many representatives of the Russian elites (such as the Trubetskoy brothers, Merezhkovsky and Berdayev). Defender of the traditional European culture, polemist of the Cathoic modernists from the turn of the century, Zdziechowski not only reflected on the foundations of this culture and contemporary dangers it was exposed to, especially from radical currents, bolshevism being pre-eminent among them (Pessymizm, romantyzm a podstawy chrześcijaństwa [“Pessimism, Romanticism, and the Foundations of Christianity”], 1914; Gloryfikacja pracy [“Glorification of Labour”]; 1916, Renesans a rewolucja [“Renaissance and the Revolution”], 1925; Widmo przyszłości [“The Spectre of the Future”], 1936; W obliczu końca [“Facing the End”], 1938), but also wrote on history of literature (Byron i jego wiek [“Byron and His Age”], vol. 1-2, 1894-97; U epoki mesjanizmu [“The Messianic Epoch”], 1912), with a special focus on the works by Zygmunt Krasiński and Stanisław Brzozowski. D. Oct. 5, 1938, Vilnius.


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