Stanisław Car 1882-1938

Born in Warsaw on the 26th of April, 1882. Having completed his secondary education, he began to study but was forced to interrupt his studies and leave Warsaw because of his participation in a school strike. Thus he obtained his diploma in Odessa and then started to work as a lawyer. From 1916 on, he associated with Piłsudski by assuming a post at the Department of Justice of the Provisional Council of State. After Poland regained her independence, Car became the head of the Civilian Chancellery of the Chief of State. In 1920 he fought at the front line during the Polish-Soviet war. Two years later he returned to the legal profession and was appointed to the post of prosecutor of the Supreme Court (1925). Following the May Coup led by Piłsudski he assumed the post of chief of the Civilian Chancellery of the President of Poland and also became a deputy minister of justice in the government of Kazimierz Bartel in November 1926. He then served in the same capacity in the cabinets of Kazimierz Świtalski and Walery Sławek. Car was also the Chief Election Commissioner. In 1930 he was delegated to parliamentary work and performed the duties of Deputy Marshal of the Sejm and then, in 1934, of its Marshal. He was the chief architect of the April Constitution of 1935, which he had drawn up on Piłsudski’s recommendation. Car died on the 18th of June, 1938. His most important works include Zarys historii adwokatury w Polsce (Warsaw, 1925), Czynnik równowagi w nowej konstytucji (Warsaw, 1935), Józef Piłsudski a państwo polskie (Warsaw, 1930), and Konstytucja 17 marca a polska rzeczywistość (Warsaw, 1930).


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