Lawyer, legal theoretician and philosopher and one of the most important participants of debates on the political system of the Second Polish Republic.
Historian of Polish medieval and romantic literature, professor and rector of the University of Lviv, member of the Academy of Learning in Krakow, considered to be the founder of the Lviv historical-and-literary school, teacher of Ludwik Bernacki, Wilhelm Brzuchnalski, Ludwik Finkil, Andrzej Gawroński, Bronisław Gubrynowicz, Wiktor Hahn and others.
Journalist and political activist, advocate of compromise with tsarist Russia, and later member of the independence movement.
Independence activist who contributed to the restoration of Polish statehood after the partitions, and became the political leader of the Second Polish Republic.
Journalist and political activist, one of the creators of the National Democracy camp.
Socialist activist and one of the leading figures among Polish political emigrés after World War II.
Writer and journalist, initially a leading representative of positivism who then gradually turned towards realism.
Writer and journalist who was associated with the conservative-liberal movement in the interwar period.